How to Exfoliate at Home Safely and Gently?
Exfoliation is a process that requires a lot of care and gentle handling because you have to deal with your skin. Therefore, if you choose to exfoliate at home, it is crucial that you do it safely so that it does not damage your skin and create problems instead of healing it.
Below we will discuss some tips to help you safely exfoliate your skin at home.
What is Exfoliation?
Exfoliation is the process of removing dead skin cells from the surface or outer layer of your skin using external substances and exfoliating devices. It is believed it can improve the appearance of the skin, but it can prove otherwise if the process goes wrong. If not done correctly, it can lead to damaged skin.
If you choose to exfoliate, it is vital that you know the correct process to do it safely. A wrong process can result in increased redness or acne breakouts. In addition, you must know, exfoliation is not suitable for all skin types, and every kind of exfoliation may not work for every skin type. Therefore, before you choose an exfoliation method, make sure you have considered your skin type.
- Sensitive skin type may prick or burn after application of the product
- Dry skin type is rough, scaly, and itchy, and sometimes even with cracks
- Oily skin type is shiny, oily, and greasy
- Mixed skin type is dry in some seasons and oily in some
- Normal skin type is mostly clear and not sensitive to any product
How to Follow Methods of Exfoliation at Home?
There are two main methods for exfoliation at home — mechanical and chemical. Ensure the method you choose should be as per your skin type. Mechanical exfoliation uses brushes, sponges, or scrubs to remove dead skin cells manually. Chemical exfoliation uses chemicals like alpha and beta hydroxy acids to liquefy dead skin cells gently from your skin.
Here are some tips you can use for exfoliation at home:-
Avoid Exfoliation While Using Certain Skincare Products
All products do not go well on your skin, and many times some products – medications or over-the-counter products may make your skin more sensitive. Sometimes even peel, like prescription retinoid creams or products that contain retinol, or benzoyl peroxide might make your skin sensitive. When you are using these products, exfoliation must be avoided strictly as it may worsen your skin further or even result in acne breakouts.
Select What Suits Your Skin Best
People with dry, sensitive, or acne-prone skin would like to use a washcloth and a mild chemical exfoliator to avoid further skin damage as mechanical exfoliation may be too irritating for such skin type. Oily, thicker skin types may like to use stronger chemical peels or mechanical exfoliation. But make sure you do not use a strong chemical or mechanical exfoliation process if you have a darker skin texture or have dark spots on your skin due to burns, bug bites, or breakouts. Aggressive exfoliation on darker skin tones may lead to adverse effects and dark patches on the skin.
Do Not Be Harsh to Your Skin
While using a scrub or chemical exfoliator, ensure you apply it gently, using light, circular motions. Do it as recommended in the product application literature, and then rinse off with lukewarm water. Do not use hot water. While using a brush or sponge, make sure you use short, gentle strokes. Avoid exfoliation if you have wounds, open cuts, bug bites, or sunburns.
Exfoliating may make your skin dry. Apply moisturiser soon after exfoliation to keep your skin hydrated and soft.
Find the Right Time for Exfoliation
Your skin type decides how often you exfoliate and what methods of exfoliation you choose. Usually, the more strong exfoliation you get done, the less frequent it needs to be done. On the other hand, do not over-exfoliate, as this could result in skin redness, irritation, or damaged skin.
If you are confused about your skin type, consult a skin specialist before you go for exfoliation. A specialist can evaluate your skin and decide for you what type and method of exfoliation you should choose for your skin.
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